Se has linked him to various stages of the evolution of consciousness and knowledge of mankind, most recent being equally ancient, mysteries and hermetic initiation in Egypt, where it is believed that the mythical Prince and Hermes – Thoth – then deified – priest, covered with the veil of symbols all the knowledge of mankind, these symbols in turn were placed them in columns located at the foot of the Sphinx of Giza.
Other legends attribute its creation to a group of scholars at the library of Alexandria, which appropriated in a book of 22 pages all the inherited knowledge of ancient traditions.
Other theories part of the destruction of the great library and the circle of scholars formed in the then Fez (Morocco then), that for the purpose of creating a mystical language common to all languages, gave rise to the current symbolism of the Tarot. That also left Egypt with Moses. Already other theories refer to the introduction to the West of it, on the one hand to the Gypsies and on the other to the Templars, also accepting some possible influences from China and India.
Is can define to the Tarot as a method of divination e research of the psyche, of the relationship of the man with the universe, the laws that govern the nature and his mind.
But the multiple levels of interpretation: the astrological, numeric, the cabalistic and the symbolic, which is the Tarot, has been specialists in the subject to consider the importance magic-ritualistic and to the Tarot as an essential instrument of this sacred art. The first of these was the great Mage Aleister Crowley whose beliefs still prevail, not only within the circle of adepts to orders magic which he founded and edited, but a large number of practitioners and scholars from around the world.
Is necessary to clarify the meaningful difference between throw fortune and practice divination. The first is used with the purpose of determine what goes to happen, understanding starting from this, that the future is written without variation any, instead it divination, never us says what will happen, but only us indicates, that would happen if continue the road in which are currently or take any via different. This way leaves room for free will and full determination of the future as the work of our hands and responsibility.
1299. in a manuscript of Siena, “del governo della family Trattato di Pipozzo di Sandro”, mentioned the naibis. Possibly the first reference to the cards.
1329 – The Bishop of Würzburg signed an order in which he condemned entertainment with letters.
Century XIV–the father Johannes, priest German reports of the appearance of some games of sheets called cards, mentioning six types between which is was one of 78 letters.
1332 – King Alfonso XI of Castile, makes a recommendation to his knights not to play cards.
1378 – In Regensburg, Germany, the card game is prohibited.
1379 – The Jeanne Dukes and Wenceslas acquired a set of letters to the firm, Ange van der Noot in Brussels.
1380-84 – The Nuremberg Code allows the playing cards.
1381–the painter Jacquemin Gringonneur, paints three games of letters to the King Charles VI of France. This game is preserved in the National Library of Paris, and are the most ancient cards which are known, the same offer the format of 78 cards, including the 22 major arcana.
1393 – The card games were allowed in Florence. Italian corporations of painters of letters are created.
1397 – A decree from the city of Paris prohibits card game by commoners in the days of work.
1415. This is one of the probable dates in which the Duke of Milan, Filippo María Visconti, pay 1,500 pieces of gold for a hand illuminated Tarot card game. This version is the oldest which is known at present.
1440 – Held this year older cards engraved with wooden heels.
1441 – Venice authorities prohibited the importation of letters, due to the large production of cards in the city.
1463 Edward IV of England prohibited the import of foreign cards, to protect domestic manufacturers.
1543 – Mention is made of an expanded Tarot called germini. He achieved great fame in all Italy and was exported to Germany and France.
1546 – Guillaume Postel (1510-1581), in his “Clavis Absonditorum”, exposes the first esoteric theory known on the elliptical symbolism of the Tarot.
1590-1600–are described different types of Tarot, among them, one of 144 cards and another of 96. Appears under the feather of the Garzoni Italian a thorough description of the Tarot which corresponds to the current Tarot of Marseille.
17TH century – the Tarochino of Mitelli.
17TH century – the Tarot of Marseilles.
1773-82 – Appears the work in 9 volumes “monde Le primitif analyse et comparé avec monde le moderne“, Court de Gébelin French Mason, who was also a member of the order of the elect Cohen of Martinez of Easter and personal friend of Saint-Martin Louis-Claude; in this work find a dissertation entitled “of the game of the Tarot“, in she is exposed by first time about the origin Egyptian of the same, calling him to the Tarot the “book of Thot.” His theories were widespread in the occult world of the time, even today.
1783-85 – In this period makes his publications one of the great promoters of the Tarot, Etteilla, creator of several known as El Tarot Egipcio, the new Etteilla barajas and the great Oracle of the ladies.
1861 – Published the book “Dogma and ritual of high magic”, which were the work of Alphonse Louis Constant (Eliphas Levi), considered the greatest magician of the 19th century; in this work he exhibits his thinking on the taro and concentrates the spelling only in the devil and in the car, being the first to relate the Tarot with Kabbalah.
1888 – Liddell Mathers, later Macgregor Mathers, an eminent cabalist, Rosicrucian, and Mason publishes “The Tarot, its occult significance”, by Robert Wang drawings for the Golden Dawn Tarot full harness (impressive order Hemetico-Kabbalist, who founded with other eminent cabalists, Rosicrucians and Masons as they were, William Woodman and Wynn Wescott, note that it might be the most important esoteric order of this century (, influencing in the origin of other orders that came later).
1889 published “The Tarot of the Bohemians”, of the Dr. Gerard-Anaclet-Vincent route (Papus), one of the leaders of the occult revival of 1885, which together with Stanislas de Guaita and Chaboseau did revive the Martinist initiation. This masterpiece is considered fundamental for the study of the secrets and fundamentals of Tarot.
1889 – Were published under the title of “The cabalistic Tarot”, the 22 major arcana of the Tarot for use of the initiates, by the great mason and Rosicrucian, Oswald Wirth. In the Tarot of the Bohemians, Papus used O. Wirth prints according to the indications of Stanislas de Guaita and his custom.
Century XIX–to end of this century is wrote different works on the Tarot, between these fits highlight some, that while not contributed much to it previously outlined form part important of the anthology. “Serpent of Genesis” and “The Temple of Satan and the key of the magic black” of Stanislas de Guaita, “Stay Golden” of Gilkin, etc.
1910 – Printing in London the Tarot Rider, drawn by Pamela Colman Smith under the direction of Arthur Edward Waite, who was a member of the Golden Dawn. This Tarot has become in the more popular.
1944 – Published “The book of Thoth”, work of the great Wizard, critic and poet English, Aleister Crowley and the artist Lady Frieda Harris. Crowley poured into this work the synthesis of their knowledge in the fields of magic, numerology, Kabbalah and astrology, in a tight and masterful iconography, not recommended for beginners.
Now – You can find for sale many of these versions of Tarot, and others such as the Egyptian Tarot (based on the work of “The Kabbalah of prediction”), the Osho Zen Tarot, Tarot Balbi, the Dali Universal Tarot.